Tuesday October 7, 2014
SOME HISTORY OF NONI FRUIT
Noni, Morinda citrifolia, is in the family Rubiaceae, which includes such notables as Coffee, Gardenia, and Cinchona, the quinine tree. It is one of perhaps 80 species in the genus Morinda, spread worldwide through the tropics. Many of these species have origins in the area that includes Borneo, New Guinea, Northern Australia, and New Caledonia: it is out of this population that Morinda citrifolia is thought to have evolved and spread.
Noni fruit was eaten and used as medicine by the Australian Aborigines, a people who have lived in the same place for perhaps 40,000 years. It is used in traditional Chinese medicine, and Morinda is mentioned in the chants of the Rig-Veda from ancient India, one of the first writings ever, transcribed from oral traditions and thought to be as old as 14,000 years.
Noni is a very salt-tolerant tree that thrives in wet or dry conditions. A Noni tree is typically 20 feet tall, although it has been know to grow in excess of 30 feet tall. The leaves are a large and rich deeply veined green. The fruit starts out as a small green fruit and matures into a large white fruit that may be between 3-4 inches in diameter.
Noni trees are one of the unique species in the whole plant kingdom that does not use a flower to produce a fruit. A Noni tree produces a small marble sized fruit that flowers come out of after the tree has produced the fruit!
The Polynesian People are perhaps the principal method of spreading Noni throughout its known range, from Africa to India and Southern China all through the South Pacific to Central and South America. They were some of the finest sailors from the beginnings of time, with ingenious craft that rivaled the speediest of today, and they explored and settled all through the Pacific and related oceans. The Polynesians carried with them essential plants to sustain them in unknown situations; Noni was one of these, chosen for its medicinal value and perhaps its use as a famine food as well; they certainly brought it as far as Hawaii. Noni fruit was eaten raw, as one would eat a ripe tomato, as a natural preventative for maintenance of good health.
NONI Health Benefits:
The list of traditional uses for Noni is very impressive. The ancients found applications for Noni for many of their major health problems and for good reason. Noni is filled with active medicinal ingredients, over 165 compounds have been found already, making it very versatile and powerful. Scientific and laboratory trials have proven Noni to be effective against diabetes, high blood pressure, arthritis, inflammation, pain, and immune deficiency. Compounds found in the pulp of Noni fruit have been shown to be highly anti-bacterial and anti-fungal. Recent Laboratory tests have shown Noni Fruit Leather to have the highest level of antioxidants of any food or essential oil.
Noni has stood the test of time as a traditional medicine for many cultures throughout history. Before there were pharmacies, Noni was the most widespread medicine in the world. With the surge of investigation by today’s science and medicine, even more appreciation of its potency and potential is emerging, ensuring that Noni, one of humanity’s first known medicines, will continue to help to heal cultures to come.
Humanity and Noni have traveled through long distances and ages together, and there are many reasons, both proven and promising, why that journey will continue.