Wednesday May 9, 2018
Anatomy of the Knee
Before diving into the subject of knee pain, let’s first understand the anatomy of the knee.
The knee joint involves three bones:
- Femur or thigh-bone (top portion)
- Tibia located in the calf area (bottom portion)
- Patella or kneecap (along the front of the femur)
The knee also includes four important ligaments that connect the femur to the tibia:
- Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)
- Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) provides rotational stability
- Medial collateral ligament (MCL)
- Lateral collateral ligament (LCL) providing medial and lateral stability
Did you know? Ligaments connect bones to bones. Tendons connect muscles to bones.
There are two important tendons in the knee:
- Quadriceps connecting the quadriceps muscle to the patella (kneecap)
- Patellar tendon connecting the patella (kneecap) to the tibia (calf area)
Cartilaginous structures called menisci (singular meniscus) lie between the tibia (calf area) and the femoral condyles (knee knuckles) at the bottom of the femur providing space for the bursae.
Bursae (singular is bursa) are the fluid-filled sacs that cushion the knee.
Signs of Knee Problems
Signs and symptoms that sometimes accompany knee pain include:
- Popping/crunching sounds when walking
- Swelling and stiffness
- Redness and warmth in the knee area
- Weakness or instability
- Inability to straighten or bend the knee
- Limping or difficulty walking
- Acute injury such as a broken bone
Common Knee Conditions/Injuries
Rheumatoid arthritis: an autoimmune condition causing the tissue around the joint to become inflamed and thickened. This persistent inflammation often leads to damage and loss of cartilage.
Osteoarthritis: sometimes called degenerative arthritis is the most common type of arthritis. Osteoarthritis is wear-and-tear occurring when the cartilage in the knee deteriorates with use and age.
Gout: a form of arthritis that is most commonly found in the big toe, though it can also affect the knee. Gout is caused by crystals forming in the knee and other joints.
Tendonitis: is inflammation of the tendon ( commonly called jumper’s knee) typically occurs in basketball players, and other jumping sports players.
Ligament injuries: most commonly occurs in the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). This is often a sports-related injury such as soccer players due to sudden stop and change in directions.
Meniscus injuries: caused by the twisting of the knee.
Caring for your knees
- Wear shoes with good arch supports
- Avoid high-heeled shoes
- Don't carry objects that are too heavy
- Stretch before and after physical exercise
- Avoid repeated movements that can cause injury Click here to learn about carpal tunnel
- Avoid excessive drinking alcohol as drinking increases the chance of developing osteoporosis
- Do not use tobacco products. Smoking increases the chance of developing osteoporosis and slows healing
- Strengthening exercises particularly of the quadriceps (straight leg raises and leg extensions)
- Low impact exercises such as swimming
Addressing Knee Pain
Rest: Rest the joint. Take a break from usual/strenuous activities involving the knee joint.
Ice: Applying ice can help with pain and inflammation.
Compress: Compression bandage can help prevent swelling and help knee alignment.
Elevate: Elevation can reduce swelling by utilizing gravity to help fluid flow back into circulation.
Noni and Knee Pain
Healthy Skin & Arthritic Knee pain gone
On a recent vacation on the island of Kauai, I purchased some of the Lavender Noni Lotion and the Noni IcyHeat Lotion. After only two days skin irritation on my leg cleared up with little or no itching. I also rubbed some Noni IcyHeat Lotion on my arthritic knees and have had no pain since the first application. Not only did I enjoy my vacation, I brought a piece of Hawaii home with me and will treasure the memories and the Noni lotions for the rest of my life.
Knee pain gone
I bought this product in Kauai at a farmers market. The salesman rubbed it on my knee and told me it would take about 10 minutes to work. I was very skeptical but walked around for about 15 minutes and found that it really did work. I was amazed because I've tried many other products that had no effect at all. I bought IcyHeat Noni Lotion and have been using it now for about 3 months. It really does help with my knee and also on my occasionally stiff wrists. I would recommend anyone with knee pain try this product.
Meniscus Tear Pain Relief
I tore the meniscus in my knee and tried icing and over the counter pain meds but still could not sleep due to the dull ache in my knee. Then I remembered the IcyHeat Noni Lotion I used on my neck and shoulder aches and tried it on my knee. In a matter of minutes after applying it to my knee, the ache was gone and I was able to sleep. I'm using it everyday during the recovery process. Can't recommend this wonderful product enough. It really works!
No Knee Aching or Pain
When flying, my wife normally gets an aching left knee from a surgery she had 30 years ago. Well, she applied some IcyHeat Noni lotion on her arthritic left knee before the flight from Kauai and then flew 6 hours back to Arizona. Guess what...no aching or pain on the flight or afterwards. We don't understand how it works, but it does. Thanks for making a great, safe & all natural product and sharing it with us and the world! We appreciate it.
His knees no longer hurt
My husband has struggled with painful knees for years. He was at a point of submitting to surgery. I insisted that he use Noni Icy Heat twice a day and eat the Noni leather every day. His knees no longer hurt, and he has quit talking surgery. Woohoo! Thank you!